Is Investing in NFO a Good Decision?

by Alina Khan

Published On April 4, 2024

In this article

Investing in New Fund Offers (NFOs) is often seen as an attractive opportunity for investors looking to enter the market at a potentially low entry price. However, determining whether an NFO is a good investment choice requires understanding its nuances and potential benefits. NFOs are launched by asset management companies when they introduce a new mutual fund to the market. Investors who get in at the initial offering price may find these schemes appealing due to the prospect of buying at what is perceived as a 'ground floor' level.

The primary allure of NFOs lies in their pricing, typically set at a fixed rate—often at Rs. 10 per unit—during the offer period. This uniform pricing is seen as a benefit as it offers a level playing field for all initial investors. Beyond pricing, NFOs can provide access to new themes and sectors that are currently underrepresented in your portfolio, potentially filling gaps or diversifying existing investment allocations.

Yet, the decision to invest in an NFO should not be taken lightly. It is essential to consider the fund's objective, the track record of the asset management company , and the potential for the fund to add value to your portfolio. The key question to address in evaluating 'is NFO good for investment' revolves around these strategic considerations rather than the mere appeal of novelty or initial pricing. Assessing these factors can guide investors in making an informed decision, balancing NFO benefits against their individual risk tolerance and investment goals.

What NFO is and How it Works?

New Fund Offers (NFOs) are investment opportunities provided by asset management companies when they launch a new mutual fund. Understanding how NFOs function is essential for investors considering whether to invest in NFOs.

  • Introduction Phase: NFOs are announced to the public during a specific period, typically ranging from a few days to a couple of weeks. During this time, investors can purchase units at a fixed initial price, often set at Rs. 10.

  • Fund Collection: The money collected during the NFO period is then pooled and invested according to the fund’s stated objectives and investment strategy.

  • Lock-In Period: Some NFOs, especially those in certain tax-saving or thematic funds, might have a lock-in period during which investors cannot sell their units.

  • Fund Listing: After the NFO period, the fund is officially listed, and units can be traded at prices that reflect the fund's Net Asset Value (NAV), which will vary according to market conditions and the performance of the underlying assets.

Understanding these stages helps investors gauge how NFOs function and decide if investing in NFO aligns with their investment strategies.

New Fund Offers (NFOs): Advantages and Disadvantages

Investing in New Fund Offers (NFOs) can be enticing for many investors, but like any investment, it comes with its own set of pros and cons. Here’s a detailed look at the advantages and disadvantages of investing in NFOs:


  • Fresh Investment Theme: NFOs often introduce new themes or tap into emerging market trends, providing a unique opportunity for investors to participate in innovative investment strategies right from their inception.

  • Lower Initial Costs: Typically, NFO units are offered at a par value, usually around INR 10, during the subscription period. This lower initial price allows investors to purchase a significant number of units, potentially lowering the cost of entry compared to units of established funds.

  • Potential for Early Gains: Early investors in NFOs might benefit from initial gains if the fund performs well soon after its launch, capitalizing on the growth before the fund becomes mainstream.

  • Manager Expertise: Recognized mutual fund houses often assign skilled and experienced fund managers to their NFOs, attracting investors who trust that this expertise will translate into superior fund performance.


  • Lack of Track Record: Unlike established funds, NFOs do not have a historical performance record, making it challenging for investors to evaluate their potential through past outcomes.

  • Uncertain Performance: The performance of NFOs is uncertain, especially since they have not been tested across different market cycles. This introduces a higher risk level, as the fund's ability to manage market volatility is unproven.

  • Limited Information: During the subscription period, NFOs often provide limited information, making it difficult for investors to thoroughly assess the fund's prospects and underlying strategies.

  • No Immediate Liquidity: Units of NFOs cannot be traded on stock exchanges until the fund is officially launched and listed, which may deter investors who prefer the flexibility to quickly enter and exit positions.

  • Possibility of Overpricing: While units are initially offered at face value, their real market price post-listing could potentially exceed the intrinsic value of the fund’s assets, posing a risk of overpricing.

Assessing both the potential benefits and inherent risks of NFOs will aid in making informed decisions on whether to invest in nfo.

Should You Invest in an NFO?

Deciding whether to invest in a New Fund Offer (NFO) involves careful consideration of your investment goals, risk tolerance , and the specific attributes of the NFO. Here are some factors to consider:

  • Alignment with Investment Goals: Assess whether the theme or asset class of the NFO aligns with your long-term investment goals and portfolio strategy.

  • Risk Assessment: Consider your risk tolerance against the potential volatility and uncertainties associated with a new fund lacking a performance history.

  • Costs and Fees: Evaluate the costs associated with the NFO, including any management fees or potential exit loads, which could impact your returns.

  • Fund Manager’s Credibility: Research the track record and expertise of the fund manager handling the NFO. A skilled manager can significantly influence the fund's success.

  • Market Timing: Consider the current market conditions and how they might affect the new fund’s strategy. Sometimes, the market environment might not be conducive to the strategies proposed by the NFO.

Reflecting on these aspects can help determine if investing in an NFO is suitable for you, balancing the potential nfo benefits against the inherent risks.

What is the Purpose of Launching New NFOs?

Asset management companies launch NFOs for a variety of reasons, each aiming to attract investment capital under different market conditions and strategic goals:

  • Diversification: NFOs often target new or niche market segments not extensively covered by existing funds, offering investors more diverse investment options.

  • Innovative Strategies: NFOs allow mutual fund houses to introduce innovative investment strategies or themes that might be gaining traction, providing early entry opportunities into emerging trends.

  • Capitalizing on Market Opportunities: Some NFOs are launched to capitalize on temporary market opportunities that require quick assembly of capital to exploit effectively.

  • Expanding Portfolio Offerings: Fund houses frequently use NFOs to expand their product line-up, filling gaps in their current offerings or entering new asset classes to enhance their market presence.

Understanding these purposes can provide insights into why a fund house would launch an NFO and whether such an investment aligns with the market dynamics and your personal investment criteria. This understanding can aid in deciding 'is it good to invest in nfo' and whether such opportunities should form part of your investment portfolio.

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Things to Consider Before Investing in NFOs

Before making a decision on whether to invest in a New Fund Offer (NFO), it's essential to carefully evaluate several key factors to ensure it aligns with your investment objectives and risk tolerance. Here are some critical considerations:

  • Fund Objective and Strategy: Understand the investment objective and strategy of the NFO. Ensure it complements your portfolio and fits within your long-term investment goals.

  • Track Record of the Fund House: Research the reputation and track record of the asset management company launching the NFO. A history of successful fund management can instill confidence in the NFO's potential.

  • Risk Profile: Assess the risk associated with the NFO, considering factors such as market volatility, investment concentration, and the fund's ability to weather different market conditions.

  • Fees and Expenses: Evaluate the fees and expenses associated with the NFO, including the expense ratio, entry and exit loads, and other administrative charges. Compare these costs with similar funds in the market.

  • Investment Horizon: Determine your investment horizon and whether the NFO's investment strategy aligns with your time horizon. Some NFOs may have longer lock-in periods or specific investment mandates that may not suit your investment timeline.

  • Performance Benchmarking: While historical performance data may not be available for NFOs, consider benchmarking the fund's strategy against similar funds or market indices to gauge its potential for generating returns.

  • Exit Strategy: Understand the process and implications of exiting the NFO, including any exit loads or redemption restrictions. Ensure you have a clear exit strategy in place before investing.

    Read this article to understand How many funds should you have in your Mutual Fund Portfolio?

    How to Invest in NFOs?

    Investing in a New Fund Offer (NFO) requires careful consideration and adherence to specific procedures. Here’s a guide on how to invest in NFOs:

    • Research and Due Diligence: Conduct thorough research on the NFO, including its investment objective, strategy, and the reputation of the asset management company. Evaluate whether the NFO aligns with your investment goals and risk tolerance.

    • Read the Offer Document: Carefully review the offer document provided by the mutual fund houses , which contains essential information about the NFO, including its investment strategy, risks, expenses, and terms of investment.

    • Choose the Right Mode of Investment: Determine whether you want to invest in the NFO through the direct plan or regular plan. Direct plans typically have lower expense ratios compared to regular plans but require self-directed investment without the assistance of a distributor.

    • Complete KYC Formalities: Ensure you have completed the Know Your Customer (KYC) formalities mandated by regulatory authorities. This includes providing necessary documents such as identity proof, address proof, and PAN card.

    • Fill Out the Application Form: Obtain the application form for the NFO from the fund house or its authorized distributors. Fill out the form accurately, providing all required details, including investment amount, choice of plan (direct or regular), and payment details.

    • Submit Application and Payment: Submit the completed application form along with the required investment amount to the designated collection centers specified by the mutual fund houses or its distributors. Payment can be made through various modes, including online transfer, cheque, or demand draft.

    • Monitor Allotment Status: After submitting the application form and payment, monitor the allotment status of your NFO units. The allotment process typically takes a few days, after which you will receive confirmation of the units allotted to you.

    • Track Performance: Once invested, monitor the performance of the NFO periodically to assess its progress and ensure it remains aligned with your investment objectives.

    NFOs vs Existing Mutual Funds

    Here’s a breakup to help you distinguish between NFOs and Existing Mutual Funds:



    Existing Mutual Funds

    Investment Objective

    Typically focus on new themes or strategies

    Have established investment objectives and strategies

    Track Record

    Lack a historical performance record

    Have a track record of past performance

    Expense Ratio

    May have lower expense ratios initially

    Expense ratios vary depending on the fund's history


    Units may not be immediately tradable

    Units are readily tradable on the stock exchange

    Investment Information

    Limited information available during subscription

    Detailed historical data and analysis available

    Manager Experience

    May have experienced fund managers

    Fund managers often have a proven track record

    Understanding the differences between NFOs and existing mutual fund can help investors make informed decisions about where to allocate their investment capital. While NFOs offer the potential for early entry into new investment themes, existing mutual funds provide the advantage of a track record and readily available investment information.

    Find the right direct mutual funds to invest in based on your risk profile. Explore our mutual fund baskets today.
    Explore Now

    Frequently Asked Questions

    1. What are the benefits of investing in NFOs?

    NFOs offer early entry into new investment themes or strategies. They may have lower initial costs, with units priced at par value during the subscription period.

    1. What are the drawbacks of NFOs?

    • Lack of historical performance data makes it challenging to assess potential returns.

    • Limited information available during the subscription period.

    • Units may not be immediately tradable, leading to liquidity issues.

    1. Is it good to invest in an NFO for everyone?

    No, it depends on individual investment goals, risk tolerance, and understanding of the NFO's objectives.

    1. What factors should I consider before investing in an NFO?

    • Investment objective and strategy of the NFO.

    • Track record of the mutual fund house and fund manager.

    • Associated costs and expenses.

    • Liquidity and exit strategy.

    • Alignment with investment goals and risk tolerance.

    1. Are NFOs a guaranteed path to high returns?

    No, NFOs are not guaranteed to provide high returns as they lack a proven track record, and their performance depends on market conditions and fund management strategies.

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